Non-invasive markers of liver fibrosis in chronic liver disease in a group of Mexican children. A multicenter study.
Annals of hepatology
Flores-Calderón J, Morán-Villota S, Ramón-García G, González-Romano B, Bojórquez-Ramos Mdel C, Cerdán-Silva L, Hernández-Frías P
2012 Ann Hepatol Volume 11 Issue 3
Identifying liver fibrosis is important to evaluate the severity of liver damage and to establish a prognosis. Utility of non-invasive markers of liver fibrosis has been proved in adults but there are few reports in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate Fibrotest® score and APRI suitability to identify children with liver fibrosis.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
68 children with chronic liver disease requiring liver biopsy were prospectively included from three 3rd-level pediatric hospitals. The same pathologist evaluated all liver biopsies; fibrosis degree was determined by METAVIR score. Serum samples were obtained to determine Fibrotest® and APRI. AUROC were used to determine cut-off and differentiate between advanced fibrosis (METAVIR F3, F4) and no fibrosis (F0).
68 biopsies were evaluated; METAVIR > F3 was identified in 26 (38%). Non invasive liver fibrosis markers to differentiate between advanced and no fibrosis were: Fibrotest® AUROC = 0.90 (95% CI 0.77-1.00) (cut-off value 0.35) sensitivity 88.00% (95% CI 68-96) and specificity 80% (95% CI 29-98); and for APRI AUROC = 0.97 (95% CI 0.92-1.00) (cut-off value 0.82), sensitivity 88% (95% CI 68-96) and specificity = 100% (95% CI 46-100).
These results suggest the utility of Fibrotest® and APRI to identify advanced fibrosis; they can be recommended to select patients for liver biopsy and during patient follow-up.