Long-term prognostic value of the FibroTest in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, compared to chronic hepatitis C, B, and alcoholic liver disease.
Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics
Munteanu M, Pais R, Peta V, Deckmyn O, Moussalli J, Ngo Y, Rudler M, Lebray P, Charlotte F, Thibault V, Lucidarme O, Ngo A, Imbert-Bismut F, Housset C, Thabut D, Ratziu V, Poynard T
2018 Aliment. Pharmacol. Ther. Volume 48 Issue 10
Although the FibroTest has been validated as a biomarker to determine the stage of fibrosis in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) with results similar to those in chronic hepatitis C (CHC), B (CHB), and alcoholic liver disease (ALD), it has not yet been confirmed for the prediction of liver-related death.
To validate the 10-year prognostic value of FibroTest in NAFLD for the prediction of liver-related death.
Patients in the prospective FibroFrance cohort who underwent a FibroTest between 1997 and 2012 were pre-included. Mortality status was obtained from physicians, hospitals or the national register. Survival analyses were based on univariate (Kaplan-Meier, log rank, AUROC) and multivariate Cox risk ratio taking into account age, sex and response to anti-viral treatment as covariates. The comparator was the performance of the FibroTest in CHC, the most validated population.
7082 patients were included; 1079, 3449, 2051, and 503 with NAFLD, CHC, CHB, and ALD, respectively. Median (range) follow-up was 6.0 years (0.1-19.3). Ten year survival (95% CI) without liver-related death in patients with NAFLD was 0.956 (0.940-0.971; 38 events) and 0.832 (0.818-0.847; 226 events; P = 0.004) in CHC. The prognostic value (AUROC / Cox risk ratio) of FibroTest in patients with NAFLD was 0.941 (0.905-0.978)/1638 (342-7839) and even higher than in patients with CHC 0.875 (0.849-0.901; P = 0.01)/2657 (993-6586).
The FibroTest has a high prognostic value in NAFLD for the prediction of liver-related death. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01927133).