Diagnostic and prognostic values of noninvasive biomarkers of fibrosis in patients with alcoholic liver disease.
Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.)
Naveau S, Gaudé G, Asnacios A, Agostini H, Abella A, Barri-Ova N, Dauvois B, Prévot S, Ngo Y, Munteanu M, Balian A, Njiké-Nakseu M, Perlemuter G, Poynard T
2009 Hepatology Volume 49 Issue 1
FibroTest has been validated as a biomarker of fibrosis in patients with chronic viral hepatitis, with a similar prognostic value as biopsy. The aim of the study was to compare the diagnostic and prognostic values of FibroTest versus the recently patented biomarkers, FibrometerA, and Hepascore. A total of 218 consecutive patients with ALD and available liver biopsy examination were included. Biomarkers were compared using univariate area under the ROC curves (AUROC) and multivariate analysis (logistic regression and Cox). The median follow-up was 8.2 years. Eighty-five patients died, including 42 deaths related to liver complications. The diagnostic values of FibrometerA and Hepascore did not differ from that of FibroTest for advanced fibrosis (all AUROC = 0.83 +/- 0.03) and cirrhosis (FibroTest and FibrometerA = 0.94 +/- 0.02, Hepascore = 0.92 +/- 0.02), and were significantly greater than those of nonpatented biomarkers (APRI, Forns, FIB4; P < 0.01). In multivariate analysis the most significant was FibroTest (P = 0.001), without independent diagnostic value for FibrometerA (P = 0.19), and Hepascore (P = 0.40). The prognostic values of FibroTest (AUROC for survival or non liver disease-related death = 0.79 +/- 0.04), FibrometerA (0.80 +/- 0.04), Hepascore (0.78 +/- 0.04), did not differ from that of biopsy fibrosis staging (0.77 +/- 0.04). In multivariate analysis the most significant were FibroTest (P = 0.004) and biopsy (P = 0.03), without independent prognostic values for FibrometerA (P = 0.41) and Hepascore (P = 0.28). In patients with alcoholic liver disease, FibrometerA and Hepascore did not improve the diagnostic and prognostic values of FibroTest.